Cross-site scripting (XSS)
Once the script is executed, it can be used to steal sensitive information, such as login credentials, credit card information, and personal data. To protect your website from XSS attacks, it's important to sanitize all user inputs and escape any special characters that could be used to inject malicious code.
SQL injection attacks are usually carried out by entering SQL commands into input fields on a website, such as a search bar or login form. To protect your website from SQL injection attacks, it's important to use prepared statements and parameterized queries to ensure that all user inputs are sanitized and validated before they are executed.
Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks
To protect your website from MITM attacks, it's important to use HTTPS to encrypt all communication between the user and the website. This will ensure that all data transmitted between the user and the website is secure and cannot be intercepted by a hacker.